Montenegro

It climbs here! But it is beautiful and the people are awesome. It has spent only three days, but we loved!

Where is Montenegro?

Its flag:

montenegro

General data

  • Status : independent Republic since June 3, 2006.
  • Area : 13 812 km².
  • Population : 653 474 inhabitants (estimated 2013).
  • Density : 47.3 inhab/km².
  • Capital : Podgorica (ex-Titograd), is the administrative and, by far, the main city in the country. Cetinje, the former capital of the Kingdom, partially regained its cultural status and political since the installation of the new president.
  • Languages : the montenegrin (official language); Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian are also spoken.
  • Regime : parliamentary democracy; "social and ecological democracy", in the words of the recent constitution.
  • Head of State : Filip Vujanović (since June 2006; re-elected in April 2013).
  • Currency : the euro, unilaterally adopted since 2002, without formal agreement with the European Union. The country is therefore not part of the eurozone, nor the European Union, and does not emit its parts.
  • Unesco World Heritage site : the Bay of Kotor: there is past, it is true that it is beautiful!
  • Lag : No. It makes black night at 6.30 pm these times above!

History

The name of the country comes from the middle ages: Venetian browsers, seeing the dark forests of pines on the slopes of Mount Lovcen, christened the country Monte Negro, the "Black Mountain".

At the end of the 15th century, at the time of the Ottoman invasions, began to forge the Montenegrin identity. A Slavic identity footprint of Orthodox faith and worship of the heroes of the nation, these fighters fierce and determined clinging to their mountains.

During 5 centuries, the country is under Ottoman influence.

1910 : Proclamation of the Kingdom of Montenegro

Then integrated in 1918 Serbia Montenegro; then 1929, Yugoslavia

1992 : a new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is created: it is composed of the Serbia and Montenegro. But president Slobodan Milosevic ultra-nationalist and authoritarian policy will cause the civil war. He will be indicted for war crimes and crimes against humanity by the international criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.

Since 2002 : state changes name and becomes: the State of Serbia - and - Montenegro.

Following the referendum of 21 may 2006the country's independence was proclaimed.

GEO

Montenegro, with 60% of the national territory is situated at an altitude more than 1 000 m, never forget that it is also in the Mediterranean area. It is thus possible to mid-season, skiing and bathing in the sea the same day! The very indented coastline alternates between cliffs and sandy or pebble beaches. The famous mount Lovcen, nearby coastline, still stands at 1 749 m.

The forest covers more than half of the territory (54%).

-> Good, indeed, it will be well observed. It does not stop going up and down all day, it is surrounded by high mountains even if along the sea, and we even saw a bit of snow off atop a. But that's what makes the beautiful landscape!

Economy

Industrialized during the titoist era, Montenegro has suffered from the collapse of the block East and Yugoslavia, losing in the 1990s an important part of its economic partners and its tourist resources.

In 1993, the sanctions imposed by the United Nations in the wake of the war in Kosovo have led two-thirds of the Montenegrin population under the poverty line.

Daily life remains difficult for a large part of the population. Unemployment is endemic (approximately 19%). The underground economy has led to some to find livelihoods or to grow a little.

Thanks to du Routard for the Info!

Some impressions about the country

– Les gens sont très avenants et sympathiques.

-There are cats and dogs everywhere.

-Can find spots to sleep pretty easily in nature.

– Pour trouver de l’eau : comme en Croatie, on a souvent demande dans les bars ou a des gens devant leur maisons. Les fontaines ne sont pas trop fréquentes et dans les cimetière, ce ne sont que des fleurs en plastique, alors on ne trouve pas de robinet.