Viet Nam

It is a bit stressed that you arrive in Viet Nam. Some riders have tells us the worst and the best... We make our own idea!

La vidéo de notre passage au Viêt Nam

Where is Vietnam?

Its flag:

drapeau VN
A guide gave us the meaning of the flag :
-Red: the blood - relative all wars suffered the country
-Yellow: their skin colour
-the 5-pointed star: a branch by element important in part: workers - military - farmers - the teachers and teachers - business men.
The flag of the country dates back to 1978.

General data

Population : 92 million inhabitants.

Capital : Hanoi.

Languages : Vietnamese, languages of ethnic minorities (khmer, cham, thai, sedang, miao-yao, Chinese), English, french.

Currency : Đồng. 1 euro = 23 917 dong

Nature of the regime : Communist single party. The Vietnamese Communist Party has about 3.7 million members, approximately 5% of the total population.

Head of State : Trương Tấn blood (from July 2011).

Unesco heritage sites : Bay Along, the imperial city and the tombs of Huế, the old town of Hoi An, the sanctuary of Mỹ Sơn and national park of Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park.

Lag : 5 h in summer, 6 h in winter.

History

To have an idea, the history of Vietnam, it is...

  • -900 years of national independence (938-1862): national dynasties, Chinese expansion southward, cultural influence and resistance against the potential occupant.
  • 80 years of French colonization (1862-1945): the first French conquests date back to 1858. Japanese occupation from 1940 to 1945.
  • 30 years of war of independence (from the Revolution of August 1945 to 1975): war of resistance against the french during the battle of Dien Bien Phu (1954) and war of resistance against the Americans, finished with the liberalization of Saigon (1954-1975)
  • 1976: Proclamation of the "Socialist Republic of the Viet Nam.

Economy

The country has been ruined and devastated by 30 years of struggle for independence. He chased his two soil mighty armies (the French and the Americans). After the years of war, the Viet Nam economy is found at knees. Then the Viet Nam is gradually passed a planned socialist economy an liberalisation with growth quite supported. Between 2004 and 2009, the Viet Nam was the first country in the world for the number and speed of creation of industrial companies and commercial enterprises!

Politically, it is a Socialist regime, but economically the Viet Nam is also capitalist than Singapore, the Thailand or South Korea.

Between 2002 and 2012, the household expenditure has quadrupled and the wealth per capita has tripled. There is a net reduction of poverty and the emergence of a middle class that consumes massively.

A still farm country

The rural area of the Viet Nam represents about 95% of the territory, the agricultural active population is 65% of the population total. The Viet Nam is the Fifth World producer of rice.

Other agricultural commodities produced in the country are the coffee (second worldwide producer after the Brazil), the fifth producer worldwide after China and Sri Lanka), the fruit, the sugar cane. In addition fishing, woodworking, latex (rubber).

Human rights

The country is modernizing, and diplomatic and trade relations develop. But there is no freedom of expression and any form of opposition is prohibited.
For example, a blogger, Trần Huỳnh Duy Thức, was arrested in 2009 for expressing political views. A 16-year prison sentence was pronounced.

Kitchen

Vietnamese cuisine has many qualities: she is thin and light, dietetic, really not expensive and very varied.

Rice

There are three kinds of rice:
-normal rice with white and round grains;
-sticky rice which has opaque grains (it is used to make cakes and offerings);
- and finally recognizable his long grain fragrant rice.

Soups

There are many. But the most common is the Phở : a soup noodle and meat, originating from the North.
There is also the Lẩu : what is known as the «Vietnamese beef stew» or «Chinese fondue», tả pine lu. A broth consisting of vegetables, herbs, vegetable leaves and seafood. The lẩu is a very healthy and very friendly dish since we share more.

A few traditional dishes

Nem : one of the specialties of the Viet Nam! You know these rice pancakes wrapped cylinder, containing a small transparent vermicelli, crab, pieces of pork, pieces of onions, and mushrooms of the sea.
Bánh cuốn : also called "Vietnamese ravioli. It is made from a paste of rice cooked steamed, stuffed pork and pieces of black fungus.

Drinks

Tea : The national drink. Often free in restaurants or at a ridiculous price.
Beer is very popular and especially cheap in the Viet Nam.
Coffee : Little is known but the Viet Nam is the second world producer of coffee (robusta variety, stronger than the arabica), after the Brazil.

Geography

One says that the Viet Nam has the form of a Dragon. It's pretty isn't it?
The country has common borders with the Cambodia, the Laos, the China.
There is a large part of the country which is at the edge of the sea. The odds are long of 3 260 km.

Religions and beliefs

Beliefs and religions are an integral part of the daily lives of the Vietnamese.

The cult of the ancestors : the Vietnamese believe that the souls of their parents survive after their death and that they protect their descendants.If a man dies childless, incense burns more on the altar, the souls of the dead are condemned to an eternal wandering, absence be honoured at anniversaries: for a family, this is the most terrible of curses! In every Vietnamese House, the ancestral altar occupies an important place. It is the heart of the home. When a Vietnamese dies, his family members put on their heads a white band, colour of mourning in this country.

Vietnamese Buddhism : by far the first religion of the Viet Nam.

-Confucianism: invented by Confucius (551-479 BC J.-C.), Confucianism is not concerned with the origins of the world, neither last purposes of human, but it provides a moral code based on 5 virtues: humanism, equity, urbanity, intelligence and honesty.)

The Vietnamese language

It is part of the rare languages of Southeast Asia, to be written in Latin characters. Failing to correctly pronounce and understand, a Westerner can therefore easily read the words.

However it is a language monosyllabic and tonal. This means that the same Word can take completely different meanings depending on whether you pronounce a sharp tone, a descending tone, a heavy tone and an interrogative tone.

Thank you The backpacker and Amica Travel !