Last foreign country of our journey!
Where is the Germany?
– Area: 357 030 km².
– Population: 80.8 million inhabitants.
– Density: 225 inhabitants/km2.
– Capital: Berlin.
– Official language: German.
– Religions: Lutheran Protestantism, Catholicism, islam.
– Currency: the euro.
– Life expectancy: 77.8 years for men, 82.5 for women.
– Political system: State Federal, parliamentary democracy.
– Head of State: Joachim Gauck (since March 2012).
– Head of Government (Chancellor): Angela Merkel (CDU), first female Chancellor, re-elected a 3rd time for 4 years in 2013.
– Lag: None!
After the second world war, boosted by aid from the Marshall plan, done Germany a remarkable economic bond. Dynamism of the industry, social peace and stability of the Deutsche Mark are the pillars of this success.
At the end of the 1990s, however, theintegration of the former GDR no end to weigh on the economy of the reunified Germany. Competitiveness steamunemployment climbs. In 2002, the Deutsche Mark gives way to the euro.
As of 2003, the country committed multiple reform: economic growth has a significant rebound early 2008 with effect doping on the euro.
But with the crisis financial, the Germany enters recession in November 2008.
Stimulus to limit the extent of the recession.
Unemployment has dropped to the record of 4.9% rate in 2014 because companies have significantly reduced working time rather than downsize their. But with the reliance on part-time 20% of German jobs are precarious.
The German economy has renewed weakly with growth in Q1 2012.
Where to eat traditional?
In the breweries, in the Beer garden, these "beer gardens", where one can usually also eat. Or in the Ratskeller which are located in downtown, below all the Rathaus (town halls).
What to eat?
Pork meat)schwein): in all the plates and whatever regions: sausages, sausages, bacon, hams, Shanks, offal or simple chops...
Full of sorts!
-The Weisswurstsort of white pudding, is by far the best but it exists only in Bavaria.
-The Currywurstinvented in Berlin, won the Germany.
-The Bierwurst, a kind of salami, accompanies beer.
Potato and cabbage
To accompany sausages and pork, two ubiquitous vegetable: potato)Kartoffel) and cabbage)Kohl).
Potatoes in all their forms: boiled, fried, in a salad, mashed, fried, etc. Cabbage, red and sour input, or also the famous sauerkraut)Sauerkraut). She accompanies especially theEisbeinsmoked pork Hock and unavoidable Berlin speciality.
The Knodel : large dumplings, at base of crumb of bread or potatoes.
The goulash, beef with onions and paprika soup - Hungarian dish found throughout is of the Germany
The reputation of German bread is more to be done, both the Weissbrot (white), the Päivän (black), the Vollkornbrot (in grains), the Brötchen (rolls) that the Pumpernickelblack bread which compact slices are, as in Scandinavia,
And finally, take the time of Kaffee-Kuchen at the time of the snack and tackle a big creamy cake storey)Schwarzwälder Kirschtorte), or a lichette of these giant, type pastries Strudel.
In Germany, 'water' is almost always understood gas.
This conviviality of beer, this in the Germany, takes all its dimension in Munich, where it is drunk in these large breweries. The Mass, one litre mugs, slide from one end to the other with long wooden tables.
In summer comes the time of Beer gardenthe beer gardens where thousands of mugs can toast under the chestnut trees.
Each region, each town, each Abbey has hers.
Wine)Wein) German has its wines, its places and its vogue progresses. Certainly, the Germany is devoid of terroirs three stars. It privileges the quality of mass at the expense of the character of its wines.
In any of the Germany found bars wine:
This wine to 80% white (the reds are less interesting) is cheerful, fruity, subtle. In short, a little Alsatian.
Schnapps is their generic name. There are some Schnapps at all. Fruit in the Black Forest: cherry, Plum, Raspberry...
In the East, the most common alcohol remains the vodka.
You can also taste to the Korngrain to curious taste Eau
The country has a common border with Denmark, Poland, the Czech Republic, the Austria, the Switzerland, the France, the Luxembourg, the Belgium and the Netherlands.
The State guarantees full freedom of confession and the free exercise of worship. In theory, every German belongs to a church, and must pay a tax)Kirchensteuer) to the State, which redistributes it to the chosen cult.
To escape from this tax, many Germans themselves atheists!
Catholics and protestants are virtually equal play in the country: approximately 30% of each denomination. But most of the Germans themselves... without religion (about 35%). Catholics are concentrated mainly in the South (Bavaria, 7 million). Muslims (about 4 million) represent 5% of the faithful. Less than 0.25% of Germans are Jews (they were over half a million 1936....).
Manners and customs
Although there is no fundamental difference between the mores of our neighbours and our own, should know that the Germans are of a rather disciplined nature. Some of the French Latin attitudes can surprise:
-Do you not Kirti on the German first are presented to you by kissing on both cheeks as if you knew it traditionally. Tighten it hand (without the grind, preferably). In Germany, it embraces that people we know well (too bad!).
-Cross the street only when the fire for pedestrians is green, and, even when there is no car in sight. It will explain, in fact, that it is a very bad example for children, who may look at you!
-Avoid to arrive 45 minutes late for your appointment, the Germans are a very Swiss punctuality!
A few anecdotes...
With theAufklärung appears in Thuringia the dynasty of Bach. Most famously, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750), if it is an excellent organist, also develops the vocal field, new forms and writing games.
During the same period. George Frideric Handel will be infinitely more famous in his lifetime. He emigrated soon to England where he composed splendid court music.
Then came Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827). fascinated by tumult of history, ambiguous admirer of Napoleon, the most famous deaf offbeat romance leaves behind nine symphonies.
It is especially Robert Schumann (1810-1856), which will embody the best, through its Liederthe romantic soul of the 19th century. Paralyzed right hand at age 22, he sees his career as broken virtuoso. Depression in suicide attempts, his destiny ends at the asylum in Endenich, tempered by the friendship of Mendelssohn and fasting Brahms (1833-1897), that will extend the spirit of the master.
Richard Wagner (1813-1883) goes, he, sweep and shut themselves away in a sumptuous, and fantastic universe that his many creditors never managed to pull! From the opera Tannhäuser (1845), Wagner's style continues to fuel controversy. He became the protégé of Ludwig II of Bavaria. The representation of Parsifal in 1882 marks the apotheosis of the creative genius of The gold of the Rhine and The Valkyrie.
Thank you The backpacker !