Estonia

The name Baltic countries corresponds to a set of three countries: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania. This one is the first Baltic where we ride... and especially first countries of Europe long long for us!

Where is the Estonia?

Its flag:

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General data

Area: 43 698 km². It is the smallest of the Baltic States (slightly larger than the Switzerland).
Capital: Tallinn.
Population: 1 257 921 inhabitants (estimated 2014), urbanized at 70%.
Density: 28.8 inhabitants/km2.
Life expectancy: 68.8 for men, 79.4 for women (estimate 2014).
Political system: parliamentary democracy.
Head of State: Thomas Hendrik Ilves (since October 2006)
Currency: the euro (from January 1, 2011).
Language: Estonian.
Religion : Lutheranism is the majority; orthodoxy among Russian-speakers.
Lag: 1 h.
Unesco World Heritage sites: the historic centre of Tallinn (1997); the Struve Geodetic arc (2005).

One of the main attractions of the Estonia is the surprisingly including history and modernity There coexist smoothly. It is firstly pleasantly surprised by modern architecture, but at the same time, were detected in Estonia the traces of a rich history (red tiled roofs, turrets of centuries old castles...) Since the middle ages, the Estonia is part of the European cultural space through its ports, who prosper the country. Historical one of these ports is Tallinn, the capital of the Estonia. It is also one of the few cities still surrounded by an authentic medieval wall well preserved.

Economy

In the aftermath of the release of the USSR, the Estonian economy is very badly. In 1993, the Government put in place strong measures. Suddenly, at the end of 1994, things are arranged frankly. The Estonia turned to advanced technologies.

The Estonia was the only country of the Soviet Union to join the OECD (Organisation for cooperation and economic development), in 2010: this membership came to Crown a successful economic transition.

Today, the foreign investment remained important. The country is distinguished by its companies in advanced technologies, and information and communication technologies.

The Estonia also takes the path of a green economy (carbon credits, electric vehicles). In 2012, the Estonia was the first country in the world completely covered by posts of recharging of electric vehicles.

THEEuro has replaced the kroon January 1, 2011.

Kitchen

Anecdote : here, they say 'bon appetit', not 'provided that your bread lasts! Rye bread is very important and accompanies all meals.

Côté cuisine, the Estonia borrows much to his neighbors or Conquerors of yesterday: Germany, Russia, Finland... Found everything in his plate, on a register overall straightforward and sometimes even rustic. Fish and often boiled meats, soups, stews and sauerkraut to keep warm in the winter.

Despite the presence of the sea, abundance of rivers and lakes, Estonians prefer meat. Pork throne in master on the cards, most commonly served in cutlet with sauerkraut and potatoes)seapraad hapukapsaga). But where the Estonia excels, it is at the level of the game (venison, wild boar and even... bear!).

To accompany any ca, slabs of fried potatoes with sour cream, forest mushrooms, onions, etc.

Geography

The country has common borders with the Russia and the Latvia.

It is a very flat, difficult to flatter!... The highest point of the country, the Suur Munamäginear the Latvian border, reached just 318 m.

Found in Estonia many Lakes and forests : marshes and peat bogs occupy 20% of the territory, the forest almost half. To the East of the country extends Lake Peipsi, shared with Russia; It is the 4th largest in Europe. It also has many Islands : offshore float 1 521 Islands, big and small, only 13 are inhabited. And he was born each year new!

There is also a animal species extinct elsewhere or become very rare : wolves, bears and lynx by hundreds, elk by the thousands, beavers, seals, eagles, etc. About 10% of the territory of Estonia is now protected, especially on the coasts, placed in the axis of migration of many species of birds.

Climate and weather

Through the influence of the Baltic Sea, the thermometer usually oscillates in winter around of - 4 to-5 ° C. But we can then drive in the car on the frozen ice!
Summer, average temperatures revolve around 18 ° C, with peaks at 30 ° C the warmest days.
Days last only 6 a.m. to the end of December... Instead, in late June there (almost) no night.

Sports

Sports activities depend on the season.
Winter: the Sledge and the ice skating, and the cross-country skiing.
Summer, Estonians who like activities outdoor as the forest walks, the fishing, thehorseback riding and the hiking. At the edge of the Baltic Sea, the water sports are also very practical.

The Basketball and the Football are popular sports and Estonians are proud of their national team.

Thank you The backpacker !